Vending machines are an ever-evolving technology and an opportunity for a low-cost entry into a business that generates a steady revenue stream and scalable growth. Let’s take a closer look at the vending machine industry and the franchising opportunities available.


Vending machines have been around a long time. The first vending machine is believed to have been invented by Hero of Alexandria, an ancient Greek mathematician and engineer, in the first century CE. Hero’s vending machine dispensed holy water in exchange for a coin  and was operated by dropping a coin into a slot, which then released a lever to dispense the water. The customer had to bring their own vessel to capture the water. Vending machines as we know them today emerged in the late 19th century. The first modern vending machine was invented by Percival Everett, an English publisher and bookshop owner, in 1883. Everett’s vending machine dispensed postcards and was operated by inserting a coin into a slot, which then allowed the customer to choose from a selection of postcards and receive one in exchange for the coin. Over time, vending machines evolved to dispense a wide variety of products, including snacks, drinks, and other items. Today, vending machines are a common sight in public places, such as airports, train stations, and office buildings.

The current state of the vending machine industry

As with many industries, vending machines have changed with the pace of technology. This has impacted all aspects of the industry from the products that can be offered from the machines to how the machines are maintained. Here are some the latest advances. Vending machines are becoming more intelligent with the use of the Internet-of-Things,  sensors, cameras, and other technologies to monitor inventory levels and track consumer preferences. This allows vending machine operators to optimize their product offerings and improve the overall customer experience. Furthermore, vending machine operators can maintain and monitor machine from applications on their cell phones. Vending machines are increasingly accepting cashless payments such as credit cards, mobile payments, and other digital payment methods. This trend has been driven by the increasing use of smartphones and the desire for convenience. Vending machines are being designed to offer personalized experiences to consumers. This includes options such as customized product offerings and targeted promotions based on consumer data collected by the machines. Health and wellness has become a growing trend in the vending machine industry. More machines are offering healthy food options as consumer preferences are shifting away from the once ubiquitous high sugar and high sodium offerings. Also, vending machines are increasingly featuring interactive screens that allow consumers to browse product offerings, view nutritional information, and make selections. Since COVID-19 there has been increasing hygienic demands for contactless service options. Vending machines are well-suited to this trend as they require minimal interaction with staff or other customers. Furthermore, vending machines are now using ultra-violet light to kill germs and bacteria that may be on the product.

The Vending Machine Business Model

One attractive aspect of a vending machine business is the low overhead costs. Vending machine businesses don’t require a brick-and-mortar storefront, they don’t require a large staff and they can be monitored remotely thereby greatly reducing maintenance time. Also, vending machines provide a passive source of income. Once a vending machine is placed and stocked with product, they can generate a residual revenue stream with little effort from the owner. A vending machine business provides the owner a great deal of flexibility. Owners can choose the areas they wish to work in and the hours they work. There are also challenges to consider in a vending machine business. In order to expand the business, the owner needs to continually look for new locations. The owner needs to keep up with the changing customer preferences and trends. Furthermore, there is the potential of loss from theft and vandalism.

Vending Machine Franchises

Like franchises in other sectors, vending machine franchises allow investors to use an established business model and brand name to start their business. Vending machine franchisors normally offer support and training to help franchisees get started. This support includes  assistance with finding and securing locations, purchasing equipment and inventory, and marketing the business. Some vending machine franchisors will provide ongoing support and maintenance services to help ensure the success of the franchisee. The cost of a vending machine franchises vary greatly depending on the franchise brand, the type of vending machine, and the level of support provided by the franchisor. Franchise fees can range from a few thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars or more.


In summary, a vending machine franchise offers a low-cost entry into business ownership. Furthermore, a vending machine business scales very well and can grow into an entity that can generate a significant and consistent residual revenue stream.